To provide added assistance to our valued customers, here’s a glossary of terms. These cover the most common ones you’ll encounter during tasks such as regrouting and shower leak repairs.

Abrade – scraping away, usually by use of friction.

Absorption Rate – the amount of water absorbed by materials when partially submerged.

Accelerator – a substance that shortens the amount of time needed for materials to set. This is often used in both shower leak repairs and renovation.

Backing Rod – this is a closed cell foam rod used to give sealants the correct dimensions, allowing for proper movement. It also acts as a bond breaker between products that are incompatible.

Bleed Back – this is a problem that occurs when moisture penetration builds up behind the tiles or causes the biscuit to saturate. Often, this will be produced by problems with the grout during renovation or shower leak repairs.

Bond Breaker – a substance applied to a layer to prevent bonding of materials.

Bond Coat – a substance used between the back of a tile and the surface.

Bonding Agent – a material applied to induce bonding.

Chemical Bond – a bond created by the adhesion of two separate laminate surfaces.

Compressed Fibre Cement – sheeting that is compressed to a high density before being cured using high-pressure steam. This creates a stable product that is immune to permanent water damage, non-combustible, and impact-resistant.

Crazing – small cracks on the surface of a finish.

Cure – the process of hardening concrete.

Dead Load – a constant pressure due to a mass of members or the structure.

Efflorescence – a powdery substance caused by water seeping through a wall or floor.

Epoxy Grout – a two-part adhesive system.

Flashing – a strip of impervious material.

Grout – a cement setting used to affix joints and can come in a range of colours.

Impervious – a state wherein the surface or material has zero water absorption.

Joint Sealant – a material used to seal joints by excluding water and foreign substances.

Leaching – a condition where efflorescence oozes out of the joint, between the tiles. This occurs regardless of grouting and runs down or spreads on the surface of the tile.

Moisture Expansion – an increase in bulk or surface area due to moisture build-up.

Porosity – the volume of pores relative to the volume of the body.

Rectified Tile – cutting or grinding the edges of a tile allows for dimensions to be better controlled. This creates a rectified tile, used for installations that require minimal grout lines.

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